"A record 83 women serve in the 109th Congress: 69 in the House (46 Democrats and 23 Republicans) and 14 in the Senate (9 Democrats and 5 Republicans). Representative Jeanette Rankin (R-MT, 1917-1919, 1941-1943) was the first woman elected to Congress. Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) was the first woman to serve in the Senate. She was appointed in 1922 and served for only one day. A total of 228 women have served in Congress, 144 Democrats and 84 Republicans. [...] Ten women Representatives and four women Senators have chaired congressional committees. This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 228 women Members of Congress. It will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL30261