House Committee Organization and Process: A Brief Overview [Updated April 10, 2001] [open pdf - 28KB]
"Committees are integral to the work of Congress in determining the policy needs of the nation and acting on them. This report provides a brief overview of the six features of the committee system in the House: organization, hearings, markup, reporting, oversight, and publications. Committees in the House have four primary powers: to conduct hearings and investigations, to consider bills and resolutions and amendmentsto them, to report legislation to the House for its possible consideration, and to monitor executive branch performance, that is, to conduct oversight. The report will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RS20465