Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act: An Overview of Limiting Tort Liability of Gun Manufacturers [December 20, 2012] [open pdf - 255KB]
"The Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act (PLCAA, P.L. 109-92) was passed in 2005. The PLCAA generally shields licensed manufacturers, dealers, and sellers of firearms or ammunition, as well as trade associations, from any civil action 'resulting from the criminal or unlawful misuse' of a firearm or ammunition, but lists six exceptions where civil suits may be maintained. This act was introduced in response to litigation brought by municipalities and victims of shooting incidents against federally licensed firearms manufacturers and dealers, some of whom were located outside the state where the injuries occurred. Consequently, most lawsuits brought after the enactment of this law have been dismissed notwithstanding the exceptions that would permit a civil suit to proceed against a federal firearms licensee. This report provides an overview of the PLCAA and its exceptions, and discusses recent judicial developments."
CRS Report for Congress, R42871
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html