"The City of Rancho Mirage is largely a walled and gated residential community. Emergency responders access gates on a frequent basis, however, the problem is the Rancho Mirage Fire Department (RMFD) had not determined vehicle access times through community gates. Emergency responders use a key switch to open the gates. Other devices called secondary access devices may improve emergency response times by opening the community gates automatically. The purpose of the research was to determine access time for emergency vehicles using the current practice and for simulated secondary devices, in order to determine any time difference that would be significant to the RMFD. Descriptive research was used to answer: 1) What is the time required to access gates with the manual key switch? 2) What is the time required to access gates with a simulated secondary access device? and 3) What is the time difference if any, between the two?"
United States Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/