Geographical Information Systems Adaptations for Improved Immediate Damage Assessments [open pdf - 325KB]
"Geographical Information Systems [GIS] can assist in the timely creation of a common operating picture and situational awareness by integrating data collected during the Immediate Damage Assessment (IDA) Process. The problem is that the Holland Department of Public Safety is uncertain whether Geographical Information Systems technology can be effectively used for the collection and documentation of information gathered during damage assessments that occur immediately following an incident. The purpose of this research effort is to determine if Geographical Information Systems technology can improve and enhance the timely collection of information gathered during IDA conducted following an incident. A descriptive research process was conducted to identify: (a) If GIS technology is applicable to the immediate damage assessment process; (b) What resources and costs are associated with GIS applications for immediate damage assessments; (c) What training and education is required for responders to implement GIS technologies during the immediate damage assessment process; and (d) How have other organizations incorporated GIS technologies into their own immediate damage assessment procedures?"
United States Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/