"The Falmouth, MA, Fire Rescue Department (FFRD) did not have adequate knowledge of hurricane storm surge, storm surge impacts on the community and storm surge impacts on emergency services. The purpose of this study was to develop a body of knowledge on the effects of hurricane storm surge on the community of Falmouth, MA. Descriptive and historical research methods were used throughout the research to answer the following questions: (a) What are the historical impacts of hurricane storm surge on life and property in Falmouth, MA; (b) What are the predicted impacts of storm surge on Falmouth, MA; (c) What is the population within the hurricane storm surge zone in Falmouth, MA; (d) How many dwellings are located in the hurricane storm surge zone; (e) What critical infrastructures are located in the hurricane storm surge zone; (f) Are the effected population and businesses within the storm surge zone aware of their location; (g) Are Falmouth Fire Rescue personnel aware of Falmouth's storm surge zones; and (h) Are Falmouth Fire Rescue personnel aware of the effects of storm surge on emergency operations during a hurricane? This study found that there is not adequate knowledge of hurricane storm surge zones and impacts of surge on emergency operations with the FFRD. Personnel believed they had experience with hurricane emergency operations however, the rarity of even minor hurricanes leaves a gap in experience that can only be spanned through education and training. This study recommends the FFRD pursue a community risk assessment, educate emergency personnel and the community on the dangers of hurricane storm surge."
United States Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/