Export Controls: Compliance and Enforcement Activities and Congressional Notification Requirements Under Country-Based License Exemptions   [open pdf - 669KB]

From the Document: "In 2010, the United States announced a reform of its export control systems that proposed, among other things, to reduce the numbers and types of items requiring government review and licensing before export. The U.S. government uses the export control system to limit the risk of sensitive items falling into the wrong hands, while at the same time allow legitimate trade of these items to occur. In particular, the United States controls the export of sensitive defense and dual-use items (items with both commercial and military, proliferation or terrorist applications) to foreign governments and commercial entities and non-governmental organizations. As part of the export control reform effort, the Department of State (State), the Department of Commerce (Commerce), and other agencies are reassessing the level of control warranted for certain defense items they consider to be less sensitive. The U.S. government generally requires each export of defense articles, services, and dual-use items to undergo a government review and receive a license before export. However, State and Commerce provide certain exemptions--commonly referred to as country-based license exemptions--for the export of selected items to particular destinations that present a lower risk of misuse or diversion."

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