"The purpose of surveillance is not just to detect communicable diseases but rather to respond to any communicable diseases with the appropriate disease control measure. The potential for rapid spread of a communicable disease has demanded that our surveillance system provides information as close to real time as possible. It is probably more appropriate to think of our national communicable disease surveillance and control system as a health security system. The system demands accurate and rapid intelligence. This intelligence must be available in a system that can see and respond rapidly at the country borders as well as within each community and within every sector e.g. trade, health, agriculture, education or tourism. We live in a global environment within which an emerging infectious disease from anywhere in the world can arrive in Saint Lucia within 24 hours of emerging. Infectious diseases can arrive via people or through agricultural and goods imports. Therefore the scope of our disease surveillance and response systems must be competent to manage this."
Saint Lucia: http://www.stlucia.gov.lc/