Further Actions Needed to Improve Emergency Preparedness Around Nuclear Powerplants [open pdf - 8MB]
"Since the Three Mile Island accident in 1979, state and local emergency planning and preparedness around nuclear powerplants have improved considerably under the leadership of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. All 54 operating nuclear powerplant sites have state and local offsite emergency preparedness plans. FEMA has formally approved 24 of these plans, but it does not anticipate approving the remaining plans before September 1985 primarily because they do not fully comply with FEMA's criteria. Progress has also been made in developing a federal plan for responding to all radiological emergencies. However, the plan being developed does not fully address the need for centralized federal agency control and coordination which special inquiry groups identified after the Three Mile Island accident. Although considerable progress has been made, GAO [General Accounting Office] believes more can and should be done and makes several recommendations to improve preparedness for a nuclear powerplant accident. GAO also presents a matter for Congress to consider concerning the coordination of the federal response to a nuclear powerplant emergency."
General Accounting Office, GAO/RCED-84-43
Government Printing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/