Interagency Hazard Mitigation Report for Florida in Response to the September 12, 1985 Disaster Declaration [open pdf - 2MB]
"On August 31, 1985, the effects of Hurricane Elena were first felt on Florida's western coast. Properties receiving the most damage were those concentrated along barrier island shorelines. On September 12, 1985, the President determined that damage resulting from Hurricane Elena warranted a major disaster declaration in the State of Florida, FEMA-743-DR-FL. The counties of Franklin, Levy, Manatee and Pinellas were initially included within the declaration. Hillsborough, Dixie and Wakulla counties were added on September 23, 1985. All counties were eventually determined to be eligible for individual and public assistance programs under P.L. 93-288. The Interagency Hazard Mitigation Team is recommending that emergency legislation be enacted which would require the repair of all existing seawalls be to acceptable design standards. At the same time, the Team felt that seawalls will not offer protection from major storms and that the structural integrity of new buildings should not be dependent on seawalls. In the long term, the Team is suggesting that the State and Federal governments address such items as beach nourishment: oyster bed restoration: and re-examine the velocity zone designations on the unincorporated and incorporated Pinellas County Community's Flood Insurance Rate Maps. These recommendations are those of the Interagency Hazard Mitigation Team and are for consideration by member agencies."
Federal Emergency Management Agency, FEMA-74 3-DR-FL
Government Printing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/