S. Hrg. 112-532: Induced Seismicity from Energy Technologies, Hearing Before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Second Session, June 19, 2012   [open pdf - 904KB]

From the opening statement of Jeff Bingaman: "Welcome everyone to the hearing. This is on the potential for inducing manmade earthquakes from energy technologies. Many of the current and next generation energy technologies that are vital to our country's future require the injection of fluids like water and carbon dioxide or other mixtures deep into the Earth's subsurface. Geothermal energy extraction, geological carbon sequestration, the injection of waste water from hydraulic fracturing and enhanced oil recovery all require the injection and movement of fluids deep underground. Scientists have known for many decades that one potential side effect of pumping fluids in or out of the Earth is the creation of small to medium sized earthquakes. Though only a small number of recent seismic events here and abroad have been definitely linked to energy development, public concern has been raised about the potential for manmade earthquakes after seismic events that were felt in Arkansas and Oklahoma and Ohio and other places in the country. Those events in some cases were located near energy development and waste disposal sites." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Jeff Bingaman, Murray W. Hitzman, William Leith, Lisa Murkowski, Susan Petty, and Mark D. Zoback."

Report Number:
S. Hrg. 112-532; Senate Hearing 112-532
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Government Printing Office, Federal Digital System: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/
Media Type:
Help with citations