Critical Infrastructure Protection: An Implementation Strategy Could Advance DHS's Coordination of Resilience Efforts Across Ports and Other Infrastructure, Report to Congressional Requesters   [open pdf - 1004KB]

"U.S. ports are part of an economic engine handling more than $700 billion in merchandise annually, and a disruption to port operations could have a widespread impact on the global economy. DHS has broad responsibility for protection and resilience of critical infrastructure. Within DHS, the Coast Guard is responsible for the maritime environment, and port safety and security, and IP [Infrastructure Protection] works to enhance critical infrastructure resilience. Recognizing the importance of the continuity of operations in critical infrastructure sectors, DHS has taken initial steps to emphasize the concept of resilience. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review port resilience efforts. This report addresses the extent to which DHS has provided a road map or plan for guiding resilience efforts, and the Coast Guard and IP are working with port stakeholders and each other to enhance port resilience. To address these objectives, GAO analyzed key legislation and DHS documents and guidance. GAO conducted site visits to three ports, selected based on geography, industries, and potential threats; GAO also interviewed DHS officials and industry stakeholders. Information from site visits cannot be generalized to all ports, but provides insights. GAO recommends that DHS develop an implementation strategy for its resilience policy and that the Coast Guard and IP identify opportunities to collaborate to leverage existing tools and resources to assess port resilience. DHS concurred with GAO's recommendations."

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Public Domain
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Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/
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