"On February 14, 2012, President Obama signed into law a four-year reauthorization of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) programs, the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-95; hereinafter referred to as the 2012 FAA Reauthorization Act). The act is the first longterm authorization for federal civil aviation programs since 2007, and was enacted following 23 short-term extensions. The Essential Air Service (EAS) program was a focus of controversy during this legislative process. The final legislation included policy reforms and changes to the funding of the EAS program. This report provides an overview of the EAS program and discusses the changes introduced by the FAA reauthorization bill."
CRS Report for Congress, R41666