Guidance for Protecting Responders' Health During the First Week Following a Wide-Area Aerosol Anthrax Attack [open pdf - 314KB]
"This guidance provides recommendations for protecting personnel responding to a wide-area anthrax attack from developing anthrax as a result of exposure to aerosolized 'Bacillus anthracis' ('B. anthracis') spores and for minimizing the amount of exposure in the first week of a response. This guidance has been requested by responders because the nature of their work may put them at higher risk of exposure when they are asked to enter contaminated areas and when their duties require them on an ongoing and repeated basis to interact with the environment in ways that may increase exposure. Protective measures include the same medical countermeasures (i.e., drugs, vaccine) that would be made available to the general population as well as personal protective equipment (PPE), and other possible work practices based on their job tasks. Guidance for a local population exposed to 'B. anthracis' would come from their state and local governments; CDC [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] has listed guidance for those governments at www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/anthrax/prep. A federal interagency working group that included subject matter experts in biodefense, infectious diseases, and occupational health and safety developed this guidance regarding appropriate protective measures for responders in the immediate post-attack environment of a wide-area aerosol anthrax attack."
U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/