Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress [August 15, 2012]   [open pdf - 519KB]

"The trafficking of individuals within U.S borders is commonly referred to as domestic human trafficking, and it occurs in every state of the nation. One form of domestic human trafficking is sex trafficking. Research indicates that most victims of sex trafficking into and within the United States are women and children, and the victims include U.S. citizens and noncitizens alike. Recently, Congress has focused attention on domestic sex trafficking, including the prostitution of children, which is the focus of this report. Federal law does not define sex trafficking per se. However, the term 'severe forms of trafficking in persons,' as defined in the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA, P.L. 106-386) encompasses sex trafficking. 'Severe forms of trafficking in persons' refers, in part, to '[s]ex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age....' Experts generally agree that the trafficking term applies to minors whether the child's actions were forced or appear to be voluntary."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R41878
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