North Korea-Japan Relations: The Normalization Talks and the Compensation/Reparations Issue [September 12, 2002] [open pdf - 32KB]
"Japan and North Korea have not established official relations since North Korea was founded in 1948. In 2000, the two countries held three rounds of normalization talks, which had been frozen since 1992. The negotiations, however, broke down in November 2000. In late August 2002, Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi announced that, after months of behind-the-scenes negotiations with North Korea, he would travel to Pyongyang on September 17 for a day-long summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il to attempt to restart the normalization talks."
CRS Report for Congress, RS20526