Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet): FoodNet Surveillance Final Report for 2005   [open pdf - 4MB]

"The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) is the principal foodborne disease component of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Emerging Infections Program (EIP). FoodNet is a collaborative project among CDC, ten state health departments, the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN), and the Center for Veterinary Medication (CVM) of the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FoodNet is a sentinel network producing stable and accurate national estimates of the burden and sources of foodborne diseases in the United States through active surveillance and additional studies. Enhanced surveillance and investigation are integral parts of developing and evaluating new prevention and control strategies that can improve the safety of our food and the public's health. In 2005, the FoodNet surveillance area included 44.9 million persons, which is 15.2% of the United States population. FoodNet ascertained demographic and clinical outcome information on 16,708 laboratory-confirmed infections of Campylobacter, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) O157, Listeria, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio and Yersinia. Most infections were due to Salmonella (42%) or Campylobacter (37%). Infections were equally distributed between genders and the highest incidence occurred among children <1 year of age (163 cases/100,000 persons). Twenty-one percent of persons were hospitalized and 66 (0.4%) died; most deaths were in persons with Salmonella infection. Seven percent of cases were related to outbreaks; of these, 26% were associated with foodborne outbreaks. A history of international travel in the 7 days before illness began was obtained for Salmonella and STEC O157 cases; 13% of Salmonella infections and 3% STEC O157 infections were related to international travel."

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Centers for Disease Control (CDC): http://www.cdc.gov/
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