South America: An Overlooked Proliferation Challenge?   [open pdf - 292KB]

This issue is from the March 2010 issue of WMD Insights, a publication sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency "intended to provide timely and noteworthy unclassified information on international attitudes towards weapons of mass destruction and efforts to curb their proliferation." From the article: "In South America in the 1990s, nuclear capability was seen as an impediment to achieving the goals of economic modernization and technological advance rather than as a sign of prestige. As a result, Argentina and Brazil, the two South American countries to actively pursue nuclear energy and technological development programs, including uranium enrichment, became examples of proliferation 'rollback.' The governments of Argentina and Brazil, for example, created the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), which is responsible for verifying the peaceful use of nuclear materials that could otherwise be used for the manufacture of nuclear weapons. The 1994 Quadripartite Agreement between Brazil, Argentina, ABACC and the IAEA subjected Argentina and Brazil to full international safeguards. This development reflected a growing normative consensus in the region against nuclear weapons." Note: This document has been added to the Homeland Security Digital Library in agreement with the Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Countering WMD (PASCC) as part of the PASCC collection. Permission to download and/or retrieve this resource has been obtained through PASCC.

Public Domain. Downloaded or retrieved via external web link as part of the PASCC collection.
Retrieved From:
ASCO/PASCC Archives via NPS Center on Contemporary Conflict
Media Type:
WMD Insights (March 2010), no.32, p.11-17
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