"Since the inception of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center (NBACC) has developed the science critical to defend the nation against bioterrorism. The Department of Homeland Security's Science and Technology Directorate is proud to have NBACC as the first laboratory built for DHS -- a national resource to understand the scientific basis of the risk posed by biological threats and to attribute their use in bioterror or biocrime events. The President and Congress have charged NBACC with research and development of technologies to protect the American public from bioterrorism. In November 2002, Congress passed the Homeland Security Act in part to coordinate and advance homeland security research and development activities across the federal government. President Bush issued government-wide directives on biodefense research and development in April 2004. NBACC fills critical shortfalls in our scientific knowledge of the biological agents that could be used to cause harm to the American public. As we look to the future, our scientists are helping federal policy makers and leadership to answer critical questions for our nation's security. What new vaccines or therapies should be developed based on the risk posed by biological threats? Will existing countermeasures protect the public? What procedures can be employed to detect a planned or actual bioterror event and to identify the perpetrators of such events? How should the government prioritize biodefense research to ensure that countermeasures are in place and in sufficient quantities to respond to bioterror events? To answer these questions NBACC is focused on developing the right science to identify perpetrators of biological events and to help guide the nation's investments in vaccines, drugs, detectors, and other countermeasures."
National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center