Alternative Disaster Feeding Ration   [open pdf - 935KB]

From the thesis abstract: "FEMA and USAID [United States Agency for International Development] could more efficiently provide feeding rations during Humanitarian Assistance / Disaster Relief (HA/DRs) operations by using high calorie survival bars in lieu of MREs and HDRs while saving time, money, and resources. The Department of Defense (DOD) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) primarily use Meals Ready to Eat (MREs) and Humanitarian Daily Rations (HDRs) for foreign and domestic humanitarian disaster response operations. Rations currently used are costly and logistically challenging to manage. MREs possess twice the shelf life and size as HDRs, but also double costs and bring cultural concerns. An alternative solution is the nutritionally balanced, condensed survival ration bars that have a longer shelf life and are inexpensive. There are potential issues with public image or relations with each ration type: MREs are not vegetarian; HDRs are religiously sensitive; and high calorie bars appear minimalistic implying lack of compassion. Each ration should also be assessed against the principles of sustainment as directed in FM 4-0. This thesis will assess logistical implications, both negative and positive, of using the survival ration bars in lieu of MREs and HDRs during disaster relief operations led by USAID and FEMA."

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