Defeating Terrorism Through a Politico-Military Strategy: The Sri Lankan Experience   [open pdf - 2MB]

From the thesis abstract: "Sri Lanka is situated near southern India. Its 25,332 sq. mi. in extent and has a population of 21 million people consisting of three distinct ethic groups; Sinhalese (74%), Tamils (18%) and Muslims (7%). Divide et [impera] of the colonial rule and short sighted policies of Sinhalese and Tamil extremist socialist and nationalist elements in the post independence era, led to social movements in the 1920s and 1950s respectively. In 1970s, these movements transformed into insurgencies and terrorists and lasted for nearly three decades. The governments that came to power since 1983 failed to successfully resolve the insurgency due to geo-political influences and failure to comprehensively frame the ethnic problem. However, governments since 1990 finally comprehended the dynamics of the ethnic problem and, through a pragmatic counter-terrorism strategy, were successful in isolating the ruthless international terrorist organization, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE) and comprehensively defeated it in May 2009. The success was a result of the comprehensive politico-military strategy developed and implemented by the Sri Lankan government."

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