Department of Homeland Security Reorganization: The 2SR Initiative [January 3, 2006]   [open pdf - 184KB]

"The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was mandated by the Homeland Security Act of 2002. The creation of DHS resulted in a reorganization of the executive branch on a scale not experienced since the establishment of the Department of Defense (DOD) half a century ago. Originally denominated the National Military Establishment at birth in 1947, DOD was given its current name and underwent the first of what would be a series of structural modifications through statutory amendments in 1949. A similarly complex organization, DHS was the product of legislative compromises, and it was anticipated that congressional overseers, as well as department officials, would monitor the management and operations of DHS with a view to adjusting its structure as conditions warranted. In this regard, Section 872 of the Homeland Security Act authorizes the Secretary of Homeland Security to reorganize functions and organizational units within DHS, subject to specified limits. […] Initial issues concerned the means for realizing the proposed 2SR reorganization; the efficiencies and effectiveness that would result with the proposed flatter, but more sprawling, restructuring; and how new leadership positions would be established, filled, compensated, and situated in the DHS hierarchy. While some aspects of these issues remained after the implementation of the 2SR plan on October 1, 2005, others, such as the merger of the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection and Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the future organizational status of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, have also arisen. This report will be updated as events warrant."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL33042
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