"This report describes each of these 20 regulatory reform bills, notes whether similar legislation has been introduced or acted upon in the past, summarizes the comments of those supporting and opposing the proposed legislation, and provides other relevant information. To put the bills in context, the report first summarizes the current rulemaking requirements (primarily statutes and executive orders) that the proposed legislation would amend, codify, or otherwise affect. The report ends with some concluding observations, noting similarities, differences, and broad themes in the legislative proposals. Those themes include (1) an expansion of current rulemaking requirements, (2) an expansion of those requirements to independent regulatory agencies, (3) an emphasis on retrospective reviews of existing rules, and (4) an increase in the role of Congress in overseeing the actions of regulatory agencies. Within each of these broad areas, however, the bills often take very different approaches. Some of the reforms would, if enacted, place new and potentially substantial responsibilities on federal agencies and the Office of Management and Budget, which may require additional resources and time to satisfy. Some of the bills may require clarification to ensure that they are enacted as Congress intended, and some may raise legal or policy concerns."
CRS Report for Congress, R41834