"Elections in 2005 for a transition government (January 30, 2005), a permanent constitution (October 15), and a permanent (four year) government (December 15) produced a Shiite-led but broad-based constitutional government inaugurated in May 2006. However, it is now showing signs of fragmentation, it has been unwilling or unable to reduce sectarian violence, and the Bush Administration reportedly has lost some confidence in it. The December 6, 2006, Iraq Study Group report recommends a number of steps to accelerate factional reconciliation. (See CRS [Congressional Research Service] Report RL31339, 'Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security', by Kenneth Katzman.)"
CRS Report for Congress, RS21968