"The Medal of Honor is the nation's highest award for military valor. It is presented by the President in the name of Congress and thus is often called the Congressional Medal of Honor. Since its first presentation in 1863, 3,464 Medals of Honor have been awarded to a total of 3,445 individuals (there have been 19 double recipients). In 1979, the Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee issued the committee print, 'Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1978', which lists recipients and provides the full text of the citations describing the actions that resulted in the awarding of the Medal. This report covers additions and changes to the list of recipients of the Medal since the release of the committee print. For further information, see CRS [Congressional Research Service] Report 95- 519, 'Medal of Honor: History and Issues', by David F. Burrelli. This report will be updated as new recipients are named."
CRS Report for Congress, RL30011