"U.S. attention to terrorism in Latin America intensified in the aftermath of the September 2001 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, with an increase in bilateral and regional cooperation. In its April 2007 Country Reports on Terrorism, the State Department highlighted threats in Colombia, Peru, and the tri-border area of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. There were no known operational cells of Islamic terrorists in the hemisphere, but pockets of ideological supporters in the region lent financial, logistical, and moral support to terrorist groups in the Middle East. Cuba has remained on the State Department's list of state sponsors of terrorism since 1982, which triggers a number of economic sanctions. In May 2007, for the second year in a row, the Department of State, pursuant to Arms Export Control Act, included Venezuela on the annual list of countries not cooperating on antiterrorism efforts. The Administration requested $8.1 million in Anti-Terrorism Assistance for Western Hemisphere countries as part of its FY2008 Foreign Operations appropriations request. To date in the 110th Congress, the House approved H.Con.Res. 188 on July 30, 2007, regarding the 1994 bombing of the Argentine-Israeli Mutual Association (AMIA) in Buenos Aires; another resolution, H.Res. 435, would express concern about the activities of terrorist organizations sponsored by Iran in Latin America."
CRS Report for Congress, RS21049