Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 110th Congress: Conglicting Values and Difficult Choices [September 19, 2007] [open pdf - 160KB]
"The 110th Congress is likely to oversee implementation and funding of the Endangered Species Act (ESA; P.L. 93-205, 16 U.S.C. §§ 1531-1543) and to consider proposals to amend the act. Major issues in recent years have included the role of science in decision-making, critical habitat (CH) designation and procedures, protection by and incentives for property owners, and appropriate protection of listed species, among others. In addition, many have advocated enacting as law some ESA regulations promulgated during the Clinton Administration. […] Proponents of modifying ESA argued that their proposed changes would have made ESA more effective by redefining the relationship between private and public property uses and species protection, implementing new incentives for species conservation, and removing what some see as undue land use restrictions. However, critics argued that the proposed changes would have created gaps in the ESA safety net of protections and prohibitions. In the 110th Congress, S. 658 proposes modifications to the ESA provisions regarding species listing and delisting as well as those related to recovery planning, while S. 700 and H.R. 1422 would provide a tax credit to individuals who enter into agreements to protect habitat for endangered and threatened species. This report will identify and discuss oversight issues and legislation introduced in the 110th Congress to address specific concerns related to how ESA is implemented and how endangered species are managed, and will be updated periodically to reflect legislative action."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33779