China's Economic Conditions [Updated August 9, 2007]   [open pdf - 203KB]

From the Summary: "Since the initiation of economic reforms in 1979, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing economies. From 1979 to 2005 China's real gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an average annual rate of 9.7%. Real GDP grew by 11.1% in 2006, and during the half of 2007, it rose by 11.5% over the same period in 2006. China is expected to continue to enjoy rapid economic growth over the next several years, provided that it continues to implement needed reforms, particularly in regard to its inefficient state-owned enterprises and the state banking system. If projected growth levels continue, China could become the world's largest economy within a decade or so. […] Many U.S. policymakers have argued that China often does not play by the rules when it comes to trade and they have called for greater efforts to pressure China to fully implement its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments and to change various economic policies deemed harmful to U.S. economic interests, such as its currency policy, its use of subsidies to support state-owned firms, and trade and investment barriers to U.S. goods and services. In addition, China's rising demand for energy and raw materials has raised prices for such commodities and has sharply increased pollution levels, which may have important global implications. This report provides an overview of China's economic development, challenges China faces to maintain growth, and the implications of China's rise as a major economic power for the United States. This report will be updated as events warrant."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL33534
Public Domain
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