International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress [Updated July 24, 2008] [open pdf - 144KB]
From the Summary: "Since 1965, the U.S. government has supported international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control. This policy, however, has generated contentious debate for over two decades, resulting in frequent clarification and modification of U.S. international family planning programs. Given the divisive nature of this debate, U.S. funding of these programs will likely remain a point of contention during the 110th Congress. In 1984, controversy arose over U.S. population aid policy when the Reagan Administration introduced restrictions, which became known as the 'Mexico City policy.' The Mexico City policy denies U.S. funds to foreign non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that perform or promote abortion as a method of family planning -- even if the activities are undertaken with non-U.S. funds. […] On December 26, 2007, the President signed into law H.R. 2764, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008 (P.L. [Public Law] 110-161), which directs that $395 million be made available for bilateral family planning activities. The Act also designates $40 million for UNFPA [United Nations Population Fund] if it is determined eligible under the Kemp- Kasten amendment. On June 26, 2008, the Administration announced that UNFPA was ineligible for FY2008 funding under Kemp-Kasten. The Administration's FY2009 request for bilateral family planning and reproductive health activities totals $327.53 million. The Administration also requested $25 million for UNFPA funding if the organization is deemed eligible under the Kemp-Kasten amendment. The UNFPA funds would be appropriated under the Child Survival and Health Programs account. This report will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33250