Prior Service Recruiting Pool for National Guard and Reserve Selected Reserve (SelRes) Enlisted Personnel [open pdf - 595KB]
"In the active-duty military, racial/ethnic and gender diversity starts at recruitment. This also holds true for the National Guard and Reserve. As a part of a series of issue papers (IP) that examine demographic representation in the National Guard and Reserve, this issue paper looks at the racial/ethnic and gender composition of the prior service enlisted recruitment pool and of prior service enlisted accessions for the Selected Reserve (SelRes) across all National Guard and Reserve Components. Our research shows that nearly 36 percent of SelRes enlisted accessions had prior service experience, and the vast majority of these accessions affiliated with the SelRes in pay grades above E-4. Thus, a nontrivial portion of the SelRes enlisted recruiting pool comes from the military itself rather than from the civilian population. The results also show that the recruiting pool for the National Guard and Reserve was less diverse than that of the Active Component (AC) in terms of gender and race/ethnicity. Among those in the prior service pool, women and minorities were more likely than men and whites, respectively, to join the SelRes. This indicates that the net effect, including institutional and other factors that determine whether departing active-duty members join the SelRes, was positive for women and racial/ethnic minorities. Compared with the relevant age-eligible portion of the U.S. population, women were underrepresented among prior service accessions, but racial/ethnic minorities had near representational parity. And, compared with shares of current midlevel and senior enlisted personnel, all racial/ethnic minorities except blacks were overrepresented among accessions. Thus, DoD-wide, the pool of future midgrade enlisted personnel is likely to be more diverse than the midgrade and senior personnel from FY 2008."
Military Leadership Diversity Commission Issue Paper No. 61
Department of Defense Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity: http://diversity.defense.gov/