Racial/Ethnic and Gender Differences in Attitudinal Measures of Retention Among Active-Duty Enlisted Servicemembers [open pdf - 518KB]
"This issue paper (IP) uses responses from the 2008 Status of Forces Survey to assess demographic differences in attitudinal measures of retention among active-duty enlisted personnel in the armed forces. The purpose of this IP is twofold: First, it assesses whether there are gender or racial/ethnic differences in measures of enlisted members' job satisfaction, organizational commitment, retention intentions, career intentions, and intentions to join the reserve or National Guard components. Second, it assesses whether these direct and indirect measures of retention tell a consistent story about retention across gender and race/ethnicity groups. This IP should be considered a companion piece to Military Leadership Diversity Commission [MLDC] (2010b), which focuses on retention attitudes and intentions among active-duty officers. Particularly important to the MLDC is whether a greater proportion of minority servicemembers express a desire to leave the military compared with their majority peers and whether minority servicemembers report lower levels of satisfaction and commitment. Racial/ethnic and gender differences in retention attitudes and intentions could indicate potential future retention problems and underlying problems with morale and perceptions of climate. The results of this analysis show that, across the Services, female and minority enlisted servicemembers were as likely as their white male counterparts in the Army, the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Air Force both to be satisfied with the military way of life and to report that they intended to remain in the armed forces."
Military Leadership Diversity Commission Issue Paper No. 40
Department of Defense Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity: http://diversity.defense.gov/