"Drawing on data from the Defense Manpower Data Center and the Current Population Survey, this issue paper outlines commonly considered external and internal benchmarks, describes issues regarding their measurement, and demonstrates how current representation data from DoD compares with the potential benchmarks. Our review indicates that selection of the external benchmark makes a difference in how one views the appropriateness of the current demographic mix. Further, internal benchmarks answer important questions that DoD and the Services may want to monitor. When selecting benchmarks, it is most important to consider how they support organizational goals for diversity."
Military Leadership Diversity Commission Issue Paper No. 26
Department of Defense Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity: http://diversity.defense.gov/