Military Occupations and Implications for Racial/Ethnic and Gender Diversity: Officers [open pdf - 423KB]
"Across DoD, flag (or general) officers tend to advance from occupations related to tactical operations, which are closely linked to the overall mission of each Service. However, tactical occupations tend to have higher concentrations of white non-Hispanic officers and male officers. Recent data suggests that individuals' occupational preferences at the time of initial occupational assignment play a role in this dynamic. However, the reasons why women and racial/ethnic minorities do not choose tactical occupations are not fully known. If the trend of women and minorities choosing nontactical occupations continues - along with the trend of senior leadership ranks being filled by officers from tactical occupations - racial/ethnic and gender representation at the highest levels of the U.S. military will continue to be limited."
Military Leadership Diversity Commission Issue Paper No. 23
Department of Defense Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity: http://diversity.defense.gov/