"Data from both a survey and informational meetings with servicemembers revealed that definitions of diversity within the military are broad and include any differences that make individuals unique. Results also show that how leaders manage these individual differences plays an important role in perceptions of mission effectiveness and discrimination within work units. Furthermore, servicemembers report that responsibility for effective diversity leadership resides at all levels, not just among senior ranks. Thus, this suggests that incorporating diversity into leadership training at all ranks could pay dividends in terms of mission accomplishments."
Military Leadership Diversity Commission Issue Paper No. 18
Department of Defense Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity: http://diversity.defense.gov/