Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Supplemental Appropriations, FY1989-FY2008 [Updated January 9, 2008]   [open pdf - 105KB]

From the Summary: "From FY1989 through FY2008 (to date), 35 appropriations, authorization, or farm disaster acts added approximately $60.06 billion in supplemental funding for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs (excluding the Forest Service, which is funded annually under the Interior appropriations bill). Approximately $47.8 billion, or just under 80% of the total amount, was for FY1999-FY2008 alone. The two most recent supplemental agricultural appropriations were a $3.65 billion package included in the FY2007 Iraq war supplemental appropriations act (P.L. [Public Law] 110- 28), signed into law in May 2007, primarily to assist crop and livestock producers who suffered weather-related losses in either 2005, 2006, or early 2007. The Consolidated Appropriations Act for FY2008 (P.L. 110-161), signed into law on December 26, 2007, makes crop and livestock disaster assistance available for all 2007 losses, at an additional estimated cost of $602 million. […] In recent years, virtually all of the supplemental spending has been provided under an emergency designation from Congress and the Administration, meaning that the new spending did not have to be offset with comparable reductions in other programs. However, in some cases a portion of the supplemental is offset by spending reductions in other programs."

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CRS Report for Congress, RL31095
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