U.S. International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Spending: FY2004-FY2007 [June 19, 2006]   [open pdf - 57KB]

"On January 28, 2003, during his State of the Union Address, President George Bush proposed that the United States spend $15 billion over five years to combat HIV/AIDS through the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). The initiative focuses on 15 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean. The plan anticipated spending $10 billion of the $15 billion on the 15 focus countries, $4 billion on 108 non-focus countries and international HIV/AIDS research, and $1 billion on contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis [TB], and Malaria. Between FY2004 and FY2008, the initiative was to support care for 10 million people living with AIDS, including children orphaned by AIDS; prevent 7 million new HIV infections; and support efforts to provide antiretroviral medication (ARV) to 2 million HIV-infected people. [...] For FY2007, the President requests about $4.3 billion for global HIV/AIDS, TB, and malaria efforts, $3.665 billion of which would be funded through foreign operations appropriations. If Congress fully funds the President's request, the United States will have spent $12.8 billion on fighting the three diseases between FY2004 and FY2007. The House Foreign Operations Appropriations bill (H.R. 5522) proposes spending about $3.62 billion (some $40 million less) on the three diseases than the Administration requests for FY2007. This represents a significant departure from congressional funding trends since the inception of PEPFAR, as Congress has historically surpassed the Administration's requests during this period. The Senate Foreign Operations subcommittee has not yet reported its spending proposal. This report will review U.S. spending on the three diseases between FY2004 and FY2007, and will be updated to include congressional actions."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL33485
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