Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy [Updated March 11, 2008]   [open pdf - 579KB]

From the Summary: "U.S. and outside assessments of the effort to stabilize Afghanistan are mixed and subject to debate; the Administration notes progress on reconstruction, governance and security in many areas of Afghanistan, particularly the east, where U.S. forces are in the lead. However, a November 2007 Bush Administration review of U.S. efforts in Afghanistan reportedly concluded that overall progress was inadequate, and a number of efforts to augment the U.S. stabilization effort are underway or under consideration. Outside assessments have tended toward more pessimism, emphasizing a growing sense of insecurity in areas previously considered secure, more suicide bombings, and growing aggregate poppy cultivation, as well as increasing divisions within the NATO alliance about the relative share of combat among the nations contributing to the peacekeeping mission. Both the official U.S. as well as outside assessments are increasingly pointing to Pakistan as failing -- either through lack of attention or deliberate strategy -- to prevent Taliban commanders from operating from Pakistan, largely beyond the reach of U.S./NATO-led forces in Afghanistan. […] The United States has given Afghanistan over $23 billion (appropriated, including FY2008 to date) since the fall of the Taliban, including funds to equip and train Afghan security forces. About $1.05 billion in economic aid is requested for FY2009. Breakdowns are shown in the several tables at the end of this paper. This paper will be updated as warranted by major developments. See also CRS [Congressional Research Service] Report RS21922, 'Afghanistan: Government Formation and Performance', by Kenneth Katzman; and CRS Report RL32686, 'Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy', by Christopher M. Blanchard."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL30588
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