Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1989-1996 [August 13, 1997]   [open pdf - 3MB]

"This report provides unclassified background data from U.S. government sources on transfers of conventional arms to developing nations by major suppliers for the period 1989 through 1996. It also includes some data on world-wide supplier transactions. It updates and revises the report entitled 'Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1988-1995,' by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) on August 15, 1995 (CRS Report 96-677F). The data in the report illustrate how global patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in the post-Cold War and post-Persian Gulf War years. Relationships between arms suppliers and recipients continue to evolve in reaction to changing political, military, and economic circumstances. Despite global changes since the Cold War's end, the developing world continues to be the primary focus of foreign arms sales activity by conventional weapons suppliers. During the period of this report, 1989-1996, conventional arms transfers to developing nations have comprised 67.5% of the value of all international arms transfers. More recently, arms transfer agreements, which represent orders for future delivery, have shifted slightly from the developing nations. But the portion of agreements with developing countries still constituted 63.2% of all agreements globally from 1993-1996. In 1996, arms transfer agreements, comprised 61% of the value of all such agreements globally. In the period from 1993-1996, deliveries of conventional arms to developing nations represented 70.9% of the value of all international arms deliveries. In 1996, arms deliveries to developing nations constituted over 73.9% of the value of all such arms deliveries worldwide."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, 97-778
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