Medicaid: The Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP) [Updated June 13, 2006] [open pdf - 105KB]
From the Summary: "Medicaid is a health insurance program jointly funded by the federal government and the states. Generally, eligibility for Medicaid is limited to low-income children, pregnant women, parents of dependent children, the elderly, and people with disabilities. The federal government's share of a state's expenditures for Medicaid services is called the federal medical assistance percentage (FMAP). […] In recent years, the fiscal situation of the states has focused attention on Medicaid expenditures, as well as on changes in the federal share, or FMAP. In the 108th Congress, the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 (JGTRRA, P.L. 108-27) provided temporary fiscal relief for states and local governments through a combination of FMAP increases and direct grants. In the 109th Congress, provisions that exclude certain Hurricane Katrina evacuees and their incomes from FMAP calculations and prevent Alaska's FY2006- FY2007 FMAPs from falling below the state's FY2005 level were included in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171). This report will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32950