Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance [Updated August 29, 2006]   [open pdf - 145KB]

From the Summary: "Large-scale assistance programs are being undertaken by the United States following the war with Iraq. To fund such programs, in April 2003, Congress approved a $2.48 billion Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) in the FY2003 Supplemental Appropriation. In November 2003, the FY2004 Supplemental Appropriation provided an additional $18.4 billion for the IRRF. The FY2005 Emergency Supplemental, signed into law in May 2005, provided $5.7 billion in a new Iraqi Security Forces Fund (ISFF) for the training and equipping of Iraqi security forces. The FY2006 Emergency Supplemental, signed in June 2006, provides $3 billion for the ISFF and $1.6 billion for stabilization assistance. In February 2006, the Administration requested nearly $772 million for Iraq in its FY2007 foreign operations budget, including nearly $479 in ESF for traditional development aid programs. On June 9, the House approved H.R. 5522, providing only $305.8 million in ESF. On July 15, the Senate Appropriations Committee reported its version of the bill, meeting the overall Administration request figure. […] A range of programs -- accounting for roughly 27% of appropriations -- are in place to offer expert advice to the Iraqi government, establish business centers, rehabilitate schools and health clinics, provide school books and vaccinations, etc. Of the nearly $21 billion appropriated to the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund in the FY2003 and 2004 supplementals, $19.7 billion had been obligated and $15.5 billion spent by mid- August 2006. The report will be updated as events warrant. For discussion of the Iraq political situation, see CRS [Congressional Research Service] Report RL31339, 'Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security', by Kenneth Katzman."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL31833
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