Global Peace Operations Initiative: Background and Issues for Congress [Updated October 3, 2006] [open pdf - 75KB]
From the Summary: "The Administration has requested $102.6 million in FY2007 funds for the Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI), a multilateral, five-year program with planned U.S. contributions of some $660 million from FY2005 through FY2009. Its primary purpose is to train and equip 75,000 military troops, a majority of them African, for peacekeeping operations by 2010. GPOI also supports an Italian training center for gendarme (constabulary police) forces in Vicenza, Italy. In addition, GPOI is promoting the development of an international transportation and logistics support system for peacekeepers, and is encouraging an information exchange to improve international coordination of peace operations training and exercises in Africa. In June 2004, G8 leaders pledged to support the goals of the initiative. […] For FY2007, the Administration requested $102.6 million for GPOI funding. In its action on the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Bill for FY2007 (H.R. 5522, passed July 9, 2006), the House provided $82 million for GPOI. The Senate Appropriations Committee's (SAC) version of the bill contains no GPOI earmark. Senate appropriators expressed discontent with State Department management of the program. They recommended transfer of GPOI funding from the PKO [State Department of Peacekeeping] to the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) account. An issue for the second session of the 109th Congress is whether international training efforts through GPOI and its predecessor programs are having the desired effect. Another issue at the close of the session is whether a transfer of funding accounts as proposed by the SAC would be beneficial. This report will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32773