"The Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) extends special duty treatment to certain U.S. imports from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru that meet domestic content and other requirements. The ATPA (Title II of P.L. 102-182) was enacted on December 4, 1991, and renewed and modified under the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA; title XXI of P.L. 107-210) on August 6, 2002. ATPA was intended to promote economic growth in the Andean region and to encourage a shift away from dependence on illegal drugs by supporting legitimate economic activities. Duty-free benefits under the ATPDEA are scheduled to end on December 31, 2006. Measures have been introduced in the 109th Congress to extend the Andean trade preferences program until 2008 (H.R. 6076 and S. 3904). This report will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RS22548