"Open ocean aquaculture, defined as the rearing of marine organisms under controlled conditions in exposed, high-energy ocean environments beyond significant coastal influence, is one possible option for meeting increasing consumer demand for marine products and offering new and alternative employment opportunities. Proponents see such development as avoiding inshore user conflicts, reducing environment effects, benefitting coastal communities, and potentially addressing the growing seafood trade deficit. Opponents point to a host of other concerns. […] The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration drafted a 'National Offshore Aquaculture Act' that would implement some of the recommendations of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy; this legislation was introduced in the 109th Congress as S. 1195. Under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, several regional fishery management councils have adopted fishery management plan amendments to address open ocean aquaculture development. This report will be updated as circumstances warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32694