"On June 15, 2012, the Obama Administration announced that certain individuals who were brought to the United States as children and meet other criteria would be considered for relief from removal. Under the memorandum, issued by Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano, these individuals would be eligible for deferred action1 for two years, subject to renewal, and could apply for employment authorization. The eligibility criteria for deferred action under the June 15, 2012, memorandum are (1) under age 16 at time of entry into the United States; (2) continuous residence in the United States for a least five years immediately preceding the date of the memorandum; (3) in school, graduated from high school or obtained general education development certificate, or honorably discharged from the Armed Forces; (4) not convicted of a felony offense, a significant misdemeanor offense, or multiple misdemeanor offenses, and not otherwise a threat to national security or public safety; and (5) age 30 or below. These eligibility criteria are similar to those included in DREAM Act [Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act] bills discussed below. The deferred action process set forth in the June 15, 2012, memorandum, however, would not grant eligible individuals a legal immigration status."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33863