"The U.S. Coast Guard's (USCG's) environmental activities focus on prevention programs, accompanied by enforcement and educational activities. An important component is maritime oil spill prevention. Inspection of U.S. and foreign-flagged ships is carried out on both a random and targeted basis, to ensure compliance with U.S. laws and international agreements aimed at preventing oil spills and other marine pollution. Another prevention effort, minimizing marine debris, addresses commercial items like lost nets and fishing lines, as well as trash from recreational fishing and boating, such as beverage cans and bottles and pieces of foam plastic. As required by the Oil Pollution Act and the Superfund law, the USCG's pollution preparedness and response activities aim to reduce the impact of oil and hazardous substances spills. USCG's National Pollution Funds Center manages the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund, paying certain spill-related costs and certifying that vessels show evidence of financial responsibility. The environmental compliance and restoration activity seeks to ensure USCG compliance with environmental laws. The FY2007 budget request for marine environmental protection is $332 million, a decrease of $55 million from FY2006 enacted level, and representing 3.9% of the USCG's total budget. This report will be updated as warranted."
CRS Report for Congress, RS22145