"Under the Administration's FY2006 foreign assistance request, U.S. aid to sub- Saharan Africa would continue to grow, due to sharp increases through the State Department's Global HIV/AIDS Initiative. Twelve 'focus countries'in Africa are benefitting substantially under this program. Assistance through the Child Survival and Development Assistance programs would decline, but a new Transition Initiatives program would provide $95 million to Ethiopia and Somalia. Overall, non-food aid to Africa would total about $3.6 billion under the request compared with an estimated $3.4 billion being allocated in FY2005. […] USAID Administrator Andrew Natsios has testified that in FY2005, the aid program is emphasizing peace in Sudan, ending famine in Ethiopia, and combating HIV/AIDS. He has also stressed the importance of agricultural development. In a June 26, 2003 speech, President Bush described a 'partnership' with Africa including support for security and development. In August 2002, the Administration announced initiatives on access to potable water, clean energy, reducing hunger, and development and conservation in the Congo River basin. The initiatives are to make extensive use of public-private partnerships. As part of its counterterrorism efforts, the Administration has also launched initiatives to strengthen security forces in the Sahel region and in East Africa. The overall level of funding for aid to Africa remains a continuing subject of debate. Other issues include the eligibility of African countries for aid through the Millennium Challenge Account and U.S. support for the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), an African initiative linking increased aid with policy reform."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB95052