"Nuclear energy policy issues facing Congress include questions about radioactive waste management, research and development priorities, power plant safety and regulation, terrorism, the Price-Anderson Act accident liability system, nuclear weapons proliferation, plutonium disposition, and technology for producing nuclear fuel. Federal funding for nuclear energy research and development was substantially reduced by the Clinton Administration, and the Bush Administration proposed further cuts. However, in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act for FY2002 (P.L. 107-66), Congress generally rejected those reductions. President Bush's FY2003 budget request includes $38.5 million for a Department of Energy (DOE) effort to encourage deployment of new commercial nuclear power plants by 2010. […] A major part of DOE's budget goes to cleaning up facilities formerly used to produce nuclear weapons. Among the more controversial of these activities is the disposal of plutonium from dismantled weapons, which has stimulated conflict between DOE and South Carolina over plans to build a conversion facility at the Savannah River Site in that state."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB88090