"Existing U.S. sanctions on Burma are based on various U.S. laws and presidential executive orders. This report provides a brief history of U.S. policy towards Burma and the development of U.S. sanctions, a topical summary of those sanctions, and an examination of additional sanctions that have been considered, but not enacted, by Congress, or that could be imposed under existing law or executive orders. It also discusses waiver provisions under which they could be removed. The report concludes with a discussion of options for Congress. The current U.S. sanctions on Burma were enacted, for the most part, due to what the U.S. government saw as a general disregard by Burma's ruling military junta, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), for the human rights and civil liberties of the people of Burma. The actions of the new quasi-civilian government in Burma have initiated a discussion on when and how to possibly remove some of the existing sanctions. Since Secretary Hillary Clinton's visit in December 2011, the Obama Administration has announced the partial relaxing of some of the existing sanctions in an effort to promote further reforms in Burma and to support pro-reform officials in the Burmese government. The easing of U.S. sanctions has been generally timed to correspond with a significant political development in Burma."
CRS Report for Congress, R41336