India's Nuclear Separation Plan: Issues and Views [Updated July 21, 2006]   [open pdf - 220KB]

From the Summary: "On July 18, 2005, President Bush and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced the creation of a 'global partnership,' which would include 'full' civil nuclear cooperation between the United States and India. This is at odds with nearly three decades of U.S. nonproliferation policy and practice. President Bush promised India he would persuade Congress to amend the pertinent laws to approve the agreement, as well as persuade U.S. allies to create an exception to multilateral Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) guidelines for India. India committed to, among other things, separating its civilian nuclear facilities from its military nuclear facilities, declaring civilian facilities to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and placing them under IAEA safeguards, and signing an Additional Protocol. See CRS [Congressional Research Service] Report RL33016, 'U.S. Nuclear Cooperation With India: Issues for Congress', by Sharon Squassoni, for further details on the agreement. […] This report, which will be updated as necessary, provides background on India's nuclear fuel cycle, a discussion of various issues involved in separating civilian and military nuclear facilities and potential concerns for Congress as it considers whether the United States has adequate assurances that its nuclear cooperation does not assist, encourage, or induce India's nuclear weapons development, production, or proliferation."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL33292
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