Resilient Communication: A New Crisis Communication Strategy for Homeland Security [open pdf - 431KB]
From the thesis abstract: "Current crisis communication plans and guidance at all levels of government focus almost exclusively on communication during a crisis, rather than a comprehensive approach that also addresses the timeframe well before and well after a disaster. Furthermore, existing crisis communication strategy does not include approaches to enhance resiliency in individuals and communities affected by disaster. A case study of the 2007 Greensburg, Kansas tornado assessed the crisis communication strategy surrounding the disaster to assist in the development of a new comprehensive crisis communication strategy for homeland security. The case study revealed the need for homeland security leaders to reframe crisis communication by considering disasters as the norm, not a rarity. The case study also found significant benefits to utilizing a complex systems approach in crisis communication strategy, specifically the pragmatic complexity model. New crisis communication approaches were recommended including a public partnership approach and a resilient messaging/survivor psychology approach. The research recommendations also included specific before and after message themes to engage the public and help them become more resilient. The case study and research concluded a state-level strategy would be most beneficial and would allow specific messaging to be delivered by leaders familiar to the community affected."
Naval Postgraduate School, Dudley Knox Library: http://www.nps.edu/Library/index.aspx